јвтор: Heylighen F
Principles of Systems and Cybernetics: an Evolutionary Perspective
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:
Cybernetics and Systems
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:
Principles of Systems and Cybernetics: an Evolutionary Perspective / Cybernetics and Systems'92. Ц Singapore: World Science, 1992. P. 3 10.
A set of fundamental principles for the cybernetics domain is sketched, based on the spontaneous emergence of systems through variation and selection. The (mostly self-evident) principles are: selective retention, autocatalytic growth, asymmetric transitions, blind variation, recursive systems construction, selective variety, requisite knowledge and incomplete knowledge. Existing systems principles, such as self-organization, Уthe whole is more than the sum of its partsФ, and order from noise can be reduced to implications of these more primitive laws. Others, such as the law of requisite variety, the 2nd law of thermodynamics, and the law of maximum entropy production are clarified, or restricted in their scope.
Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї
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