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”слови€ отбора публикаций


Constructivist origins for a 3rd order Cybernetics


—татус:  опубликовано
√од:  1992
“ип публикации:  стать€
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  Communication and Cognition
Ќомер (том) журнала:  1
“ом:  25
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Boxer P., Kenny V. Lacan and Maturana: Constructivist origins for a 30 Cybernetics // Communication and Cognition. 1992. Vol. 25. No 1. P. 73 Ц 100.
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

ѕросмотров: 1160, загрузок: 0


Control Mechanisms for Ecological-Economic Systems


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  Springer
√од:  2015
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Burkov V., Novikov D., Shchepkin A. Control Mechanisms for Ecological-Economic Systems. Berlin: Springer, 2015. Ц 174 p.
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

ѕросмотров: 2697, загрузок: 0


The Wisdom of the Body


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  Norton
√од:  1932
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Cannon W. The Wisdom of the Body. Ц New York: Norton, 1932. Ц 312 p.
јннотаци€:  How the human body reacts to disturbance and danger and maintains the stability essential to life.
Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

ѕросмотров: 1304, загрузок: 0


Soft System Methodology: A Thirty Years Retrospective


—татус:  опубликовано
√од:  2000
“ип публикации:  книга
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  Systems Research and Behavioral Science
“ом:  17
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Checkland P. Soft System Methodology: A Thirty Years Retrospective // Systems Research and Behavioral Science. 2000. Vol. 17. P. 11 Ц 58.
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

ѕросмотров: 1160, загрузок: 0


Systems Thinking, Systems Practice


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  John Wiley & Sons Ltd
√од:  1981
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Checkland P. Systems Thinking, Systems Practice. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 1981. 331 p.
јннотаци€:  Develops an explicit account of the "systems outlook" and shows how to use that outlook in the solution of practical problems. Describes how the theory and applications were modified through experience and includes reflections on the interaction between theory and practice.
Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

ѕросмотров: 1607, загрузок: 0


The Information Content and Error Rate of Living Things


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  University of Illinois Press
√од:  1953
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Dancoff S., Quastler H. The Information Content and Error Rate of Living Things / Essays on the Use of Information Theory in Biology. Ц Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1953. P. 263 Ц 274.
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

ѕросмотров: 1300, загрузок: 0


Systems Analysis and Design


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  Wiley
√од:  2012
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Dennis A., Wixom B., Roth R. Systems Analysis and Design. 5th ed. New York: Wiley, 2012. Ц 594 p.
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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ѕросмотров: 1289, загрузок: 236


The Cybernetics of Cybernetics


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  Spartan Books
√од:  1968
“ип публикации:  стать€
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Mead M. The Cybernetics of Cybernetics / Purposive Systems. Ed. by Foerster, H.von et al. New York: Spartan Books, 1968. P. 1 11.
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

ѕросмотров: 1188, загрузок: 0


Understanding Understanding: Essays on Cybernetics and Cognition


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  Springer-Verlag
√од:  2003
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Foerster H. Understanding Understanding: Essays on Cybernetics and Cognition, New York: Springer-Verlag, 2003. Ц 362 p.
јннотаци€:  In these essays Heinz von Foerster discusses some of the fundamental principles that govern how we know the world and how we process the information from which we derive that knowledge. Included are path-breaking articles concerning the principles of computation in neural nets (1967), the definition of self-organizing systems (1960), the nature of cognition (1970), as well as recent expansions on these themes (e.g. "How recursive is communication," 1993).
Working with Norbert Wiener, Warren McCullough, and others in the 1960s and 1970s, von Foerster was one of the founders of the science of cybernetics, which has had profound effects both on modern systems theory and on the philosophy of cognition. At the Biological Computer Laboratory at the University of Illinois he produced the first parallel computers and contributed to many other developments in the theory of computation and cognition.
Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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Philosophical Foundations of Cybernetics


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  Abacus Press
√од:  1979
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  George F.H. Philosophical Foundations of Cybernetics. Ц Kent: Abacus Press, 1979. Ц 157 p
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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ѕросмотров: 1161, загрузок: 180


From Newspeak to Cyberspeak: A History of Soviet Cybernetics


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  MIT Press
√од:  2002
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Gerovich S. From Newspeak to Cyberspeak: A History of Soviet Cybernetics. Ц Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002. Ц 383 p.
јннотаци€:  In this book, Slava Gerovitch argues that Soviet cybernetics was not just an intellectual trend but a social movement for radical reform in science and society as a whole. Followers of cybernetics viewed computer simulation as a universal method of problem solving and the language of cybernetics as a language of objectivity and truth. With this new objectivity, they challenged the existing order of things in economics and politics as well as in science.
The history of Soviet cybernetics followed a curious arc. In the 1950s it was labeled a reactionary pseudoscience and a weapon of imperialist ideology. With the arrival of Khrushchev's political "thaw," however, it was seen as an innocent victim of political oppression, and it evolved into a movement for radical reform of the Stalinist system of science. In the early 1960s it was hailed as "science in the service of communism," but by the end of the decade it had turned into a shallow fashionable trend. Using extensive new archival materials, Gerovitch argues that these fluctuating attitudes reflected profound changes in scientific language and research methodology across disciplines, in power relations within the scientific community, and in the political role of scientists and engineers in Soviet society. His detailed analysis of scientific discourse shows how the Newspeak of the late Stalinist period and the Cyberspeak that challenged it eventually blended into "CyberNewspeak."
Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

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The Past, Present and Future of Cybernetics and Systems Research


—татус:  опубликовано
√од:  2013
“ип публикации:  стать€
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  Systems. Connecting Matter, Life, Culture and Technology
Ќомер (том) журнала:  3
“ом:  1
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Gershenson C., Csermely P., Erdi P., Knyazeva H., Laszlo A. The Past, Present and Future of Cybernetics and Systems Research // Systems. Connecting Matter, Life, Culture and Technology. 2013. Vol. 1 No 3. P. 4 Ц 13.
јннотаци€:  Cybernetics and Systems Research (CSR) were developed in the mid-twentieth century, offering the possibility of describing and comparing different phenomena using the same language. The concepts, which originated in CSR have spread to practically all disciplines, many now used within the scientific study of complex systems. CSR has the potential to contribute to the solution of relevant problems, but the path towards this goal is not straightforward. This paper summarizes the ideas presented by the authors during a round table in 2012 on the past, present and future of CSR.
Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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ѕросмотров: 1191, загрузок: 191


Quantum Cybernetics and Complex Quantum Systems Science Ц A Quantum Connectionist Exploration


—татус:  опубликовано
√од:  2015
“ип публикации:  стать€
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  Neuroquantology
Ќомер (том) журнала:  1
“ом:  13
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Goncalves C. Quantum Cybernetics and Complex Quantum Systems Science Ц A Quantum Connectionist Exploration // Neuroqantology. 2015. Vol. 13. No 1.
јннотаци€:  Quantum cybernetics and its connections to complex quantum systems science is addressed from the perspective of quantum artificial neural networks as complex quantum computing systems. In this way, the notion of an autonomous quantum computing system is introduced in regards to quantum artificial intelligence, and applied to quantum artificial neural networks, considered as autonomous quantum computing systems, which leads to a quantum connectionist framework within quantum cybernetics for complex quantum computing systems. Several examples of quantum feedforward neural networks are addressed in regards to Boolean functions' computation, multilayer quantum computation dynamics, entanglement and quantum complementarity. The examples provide a framework for a reflection on the role of quantum artificial neural networks as a general framework for addressing complex quantum systems that perform network-based quantum computation, possible consequences are drawn regarding quantum technologies, as well as fundamental research in complex quantum systems science and quantum biology.
Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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ѕросмотров: 1203, загрузок: 203


Quantum Cybernetics. Toward a Unification of Relativity and Quantum Theory via Circularly Causal Modeling


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  Springer
√од:  2000
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Grossing G. Quantum Cybernetics. Toward a Unification of Relativity and Quantum Theory via Circularly Causal Modeling. New York: Springer, 2000. Ц 153 p.
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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ѕросмотров: 1188, загрузок: 133


Analysis Methods for the Terminological Structure of a Subject Area


—татус:  опубликовано
√од:  2014
“ип публикации:  стать€
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  Automation and Remote Control
Ќомер (том) журнала:  12
“ом:  75
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Gubanov D., Makarenko A., Novikov D. Analysis Methods for the Terminological Structure of a Subject Area // Automation and Remote Control. 2014. Vol. 75. No. 12. P. 2231 Ц 2247.
јннотаци€:  ѕредлагаетс€ автоматизированный экспертный подход к синтезу и анализу терминологической структуры предметной области. ќдним из ключевых отличий разработанной методики €вл€етс€ наличие в еЄ составе операций формального анализа, направленного на получение количественных оценок, характеризующих терминологическую структуру изучаемой предметной области. Ѕазовые возможности разработанного подхода продемонстрированы на примере общей методолгии. Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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Advanced Synergetics: Instability Hierarchies of Self-Organizing Systems and Devices


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  Springer-Verlag
√од:  1993
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Haken H. Advanced Synergetics: Instability Hierarchies of Self-Organizing Systems and Devices. 2nd ed. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1993. Ц 356 p.
јннотаци€:  This text on the interdisciplinary field of synergetics will be of interest to students and scientists in physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, electrical, civil and mechanical engineering, and other fields. Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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ѕросмотров: 1202, загрузок: 230


Principles of Systems and Cybernetics: an Evolutionary Perspective


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  World Science
√од:  1992
“ип публикации:  стать€
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  Cybernetics and Systems
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Principles of Systems and Cybernetics: an Evolutionary Perspective / Cybernetics and Systems'92. Ц Singapore: World Science, 1992. P. 3 10.
јннотаци€:  A set of fundamental principles for the cybernetics domain is sketched, based on the spontaneous emergence of systems through variation and selection. The (mostly self-evident) principles are: selective retention, autocatalytic growth, asymmetric transitions, blind variation, recursive systems construction, selective variety, requisite knowledge and incomplete knowledge. Existing systems principles, such as self-organization, Уthe whole is more than the sum of its partsФ, and order from noise can be reduced to implications of these more primitive laws. Others, such as the law of requisite variety, the 2nd law of thermodynamics, and the law of maximum entropy production are clarified, or restricted in their scope.
Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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Cybernetics and Second-Order Cybernetics


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  Academic Press
√од:  2001
“ип публикации:  стать€
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  Encyclopedia of Physical Science & Technology
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Heylighen F., Joslyn C. Cybernetics and Second-Order Cybernetics / Encyclopedia of Physical Science & Technology. 3rd ed. New York: Academic Press, 2001. P. 155 Ц 170.
јннотаци€:  Cybernetics is the science that studies the abstract principles of organization in complex systems. It is concerned not so much with what systems consist of, but how they function. Cybernetics focuses on how systems use information, models, and control actions to steer towards and maintain their goals, while counteracting various disturbances. Being inherently transdisciplinary, cybernetic reasoning can be applied to understand, model and design systems of any kind: physical, technological, biological, ecological, psychological, social, or any combination of those. Second-order cybernetics in particular studies the role of the (human) observer in the construction of models of systems and other observers.
Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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Introduction to Operations Research


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  McGraw-Hill
√од:  2005
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Hillier F. and Lieberman G. Introduction to Operations Research (8 th ed.). Ц Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2005. Ц 1061 p.
јннотаци€:  For over four decades, Introduction to Operations Research by Frederick Hillier and the late Gerald Lieberman has been the classic text on operations research. While building on the classic strengths of the text, the author continues to find new ways to make the text current and relevant to students. One way is by incorporating a wealth of state-of-the-art, user-friendly software and more coverage of business applications than ever before. The hallmark features of this edition include clear and comprehensive coverage of fundamentals, an extensive set of interesting problems and cases, and state-of-the-practice operations research software used in conjunction with examples from the text. Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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ѕросмотров: 1236, загрузок: 220


Putting Systems to Work


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  Wiley
√од:  1993
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Hitchins D. Putting Systems to Work. Ц New York: Wiley, 1993. Ц 342 p.
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

ѕросмотров: 1181, загрузок: 0


INCOSE Systems Engineering Handbook


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  INCOSE
√од:  2012
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  INCOSE Systems Engineering Handbook Version 3.2.2 A Guide For Life Cycle Processes and Activities / Ed. by C. Haskins. Ц San Diego: INCOSE, 2012. Ц 376 p.
јннотаци€:  Systems engineering (SE) is essential to the success of many human endeavors. As systems increase in scale and complexity, SE is increasingly recognized worldwide for its importance in their development, deployment, operation, and evolution.

The purpose of the Guide to the Systems Engineering Body of Knowledge (SEBoK) is to provide a widely accepted, community-based, and regularly updated baseline of SE knowledge. This baseline will strengthen the mutual understanding across the many disciplines involved in developing and operating systems. Shortfalls in such mutual understanding are a major source of system failures, which have increasingly severe impacts as systems become more global, interactive, and critical.

Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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Introduction to Grey System Theory


—татус:  опубликовано
√од:  1989
“ип публикации:  стать€
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  The Journal of Grey System
“ом:  1
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Julong D. Introduction to Grey System Theory // The Journal of Grey System. 1989. Vol. 1. P. 1 Ц 24.
јннотаци€:  Grey System theory was initiated in 1982. As far as information is concerned, the systems which lack information, such as structure message, operation mechanism and behavior document, are referred to as Grey systems. For example, the human body, agriculture, economy, etc., are Grey Systems. Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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Introduction to Fuzzy Arithmetic


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  Van Nostrand Reinhold Company
√од:  1991
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Kaufman A. Introduction to Fuzzy Arithmetic. Ц New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1991. Ц 384 p.
јннотаци€:  Here's how to use fuzzy logic to overcome design challenges of designing and analyzing complex processes in order to make televisions, camcorders, washing machines, and other products run more efficiently. Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

ѕросмотров: 1902, загрузок: 0


ThereТs Nothing Like the Real Thing. Revisiting the Need for a Third-Order Cybernetics


—татус:  опубликовано
√од:  2009
“ип публикации:  стать€
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  Constructivist Foundations
Ќомер (том) журнала:  4(2)
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Kenny V. ThereТs Nothing Like the Real Thing. Revisiting the Need for a Third-Order Cybernetics // Constructivist Foundations. 2009. No 4(2). P. 100 111.
јннотаци€:  Purpose: To argue for the need to generate a third-order cybernetics to deal with the problematics of second-order cybernetics. Problem: The recent exponential increase in the use of the internet and other "media" to influence and shape dominant cultural experiences via "virtual reality" exploits a core facility of human psychology - that of being able to accept "substitutions" for the "Real Thing." In this paper, I want to raise some basic questions and dilemmas for our living in the space of a third-order contextualisation that uses "virtuality" in an ever-increasing manner for the configuring and homogenisation of human experiences. In doing so, I also raise the question of the need for us to develop an adequate model of a "third-order cybernetics" for dealing with the ways in which human experience is contextualised and configured by phenomena that constitute the third-order system. Solution: Ernst von Glasersfeld's work makes it clear that psychologists and others enter into a great deal of confusion when they use terms like "self," "consciousness," "emotions," "memory," "the environment," and even "experience," because, as he points out, there is no convincing model for any of these commonly taken-for-granted phenomena of human living. His writings are taken as a unique source for the generation of an effective third-order cybernetics where the need for constant self-critical monitoring in regard to psychological praxis and third-order phenomena may take place. "Self-critical monitoring" means, in the first place, monitoring in a critical manner our tendencies to take for granted the notion of "self." One of the main problematics to deal with in second-order cybernetics is the way that "subjectivity" is taken for granted. Benefits: The temptation to collapse back down from a second-order cybernetics to first-order cybernetics will be resolved by creating an effective platform for third-order cybernetics that problematises the issue of "subjectivity" of the observer in the second-order cybernetics framework. This involves putting into question many of the common assumptions held about "who" it is that makes the observations at the second-order cybernetics. In other words, I attempt to highlight what is problematic regarding the observer's subjectivity and how this analysis of what is taken for granted by the second-order cybernetics framework creates the basis of a framework for a third-order cybernetics. Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї


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Introduction to Sociocybernetics (Part 1)


—татус:  опубликовано
√од:  2011
“ип публикации:  стать€
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  Journal of Sociocybernetics
Ќомер (том) журнала:  9
“ом:  42
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Mancilla R. Introduction to Sociocybernetics (Part 1): Third Order Cybernetics and a Basic Framework for Society // Journal of Sociocybernetics. 2011. Vol. 42. No 9. P. 35 Ц 56.
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

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Introduction to Sociocybernetics (Part 3)


—татус:  стать€
√од:  2013
“ип публикации:  стать€
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  Journal of Sociocybernetics
Ќомер (том) журнала:  11
“ом:  44
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Mancilla R. Introduction to Sociocybernetics (Part 3): Fourth Order Cybernetics // Journal of Sociocybernetics. 2013. Vol. 44. No 11. P. 47 Ц 73.
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

ѕросмотров: 1146, загрузок: 0


The Second Cybernetics: Deviation-Amplifying Mutual Causal Processes


—татус:  опубликовано
√од:  1963
“ип публикации:  стать€
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  American Scientist
Ќомер (том) журнала:  2
“ом:  5
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Maruyama M. The Second Cybernetics: Deviation-Amplifying Mutual Causal Processes // American Scientist. 1963. Vol. 5. No 2. P. 164 179.
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

ѕросмотров: 1195, загрузок: 0


Autopoiesis and Cognition


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  D. Reidel Publishing Company
√од:  1980
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Maturana H., Varela F. Autopoiesis and Cognition. Ц Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1980. Ц 143 p.
јннотаци€:  Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

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The Tree of Knowledge


—татус:  опубликовано
»здательство (дл€ книг и брошюр):  Shambhala Publications
√од:  1987
“ип публикации:  книга
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Maturana H., Varela F. The Tree of Knowledge. Ц Boston: Shambhala Publications, 1987. Ц 231 p.
јннотаци€:  "Knowing how we know" is the subject of this book. Its authors present a new view of cognition that has important social and ethical implications, for, they assert, the only world we humans can have is the one we create together through the actions of our coexistence. Written for a general audience as well as for students, scholars, and scientists and abundantly illustrated with examples from biology, linguistics, and new social and cultural phenomena, this revised edition includes a new afterword by Dr. Varela, in which he discusses the effect the book has had in the years since its first publication.
Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

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On Governors


—татус:  опубликовано
√од:  1868
“ип публикации:  стать€
Ќазвание журнала или конференции:  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
“ом:  16
ѕолна€ библиографическа€ ссылка:  Maxwell J.C. On Governors // Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 1868. Vol. 16. P. 270 Ц 283.
јннотаци€:  A GOVERNOR is a part of a machine by means of which the velocity of the machine is kept nearly uniform, notwithstanding variations in the driving-power or the resistance.
Ѕиблиотечка Ђ ибернетикаї

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